Phenomenon Based Learning lesson plans and curriculum

Contact us to open a preschool curriculum based on Phenomenon Based Learning in India.

Finland has implemented a landmark education reform in the academic year of 2016-17. It has turned to topical learning or Phenomenon Based Learning methodology. This will be introduced along with the traditional subject based method and will be applicable to students in the age group 7-16 in all the basic schools of Finland.

This initiative of Finland is under the new National Curriculum Framework guidelines that seek to make the system of PhBL mandatory. Though the schools in Finland were following PhBl till now, it was not a compulsion. This announcement of Finland and its implementation will be monitored closely by other countries so that they too can make the shift.

PhBL is useful to improve collaboration and critical thinking
The optimism behind this method of delivering education stems from the fact that there are high chances of children accepting it over the traditional system. Moreover, there is urgent need to meet the challenges of the 21st century in a world that thrives on innovation, out of the box thinking and teamwork. Phenomenon Based Learning is expected to provide the impetus for achieving all that and more.

PhBl will demonstrate to the learner about the utility of understanding concepts holistically. It will encourage the learner to look at a problem from various angles and apply the information as well as skills learnt to solve it. When children begin to solve problems like this, the learning is retained for a long time and they become more interested in pursuing knowledge rather than just learn a subject by rote in order to gain good marks. Traditional learning depends a lot on the delivery of content through reading, listening. The topics too are abstract and therefore boring to children who quickly lose interest. There is hardly any scope to apply such learning immediately to problems and therefore such learning is not internalized and remains in short term memory only.

Phenomenon based learning promotes authenticity
PhBl has been proven to promote learning authenticity. This is a very key need for deeper learning and assimilation. The skills are put to immediate use in actual situations, making the learner confident about the knowledge he or she has gained.
Similarly, when learners are perceived as knowledge builders, using the information they have acquired to solve problems, others are encouraged to follow suit. The idea is to make relevant information as well as skills available to the children so that they are easily able to apply them through the process of inquiry, project learning methods.

Phenomenon based learning is great to build team spirit
When children get involved in project based learning, they also become good at involving others to work together and solve the issue at hand. This means better communication skills, tolerance for the opinions of others, collaborative approach to assignments. All these are essential ingredients in today’s world to become successful.
To summarize, phenomenon based learning depends on the concept of topical learning along with integration of multiple subjects that can contribute to better knowledge for solving problems.

Crèche facility law in India


Crèche facility law in India

One of the stumbling blocks for women empowerment has been the rather low participation of women in formal jobs. That is because, no sooner does she conceive, she has to quit the job to take care of her child. While motherhood is the greatest blessing for any woman, the responsibilities of childcare have often robbed many women of higher positions in the corporate world. One glaring drawback preventing women from continuing in their career has been the absence of proper crèche/childcare facilities. Get in touch with us if you want to open a crèche near your house of for your corporarte or start creche facility for employees. We are consultants for setting up baby creche centre, creches, corporate day cares in India

What is the new or latest Crèche facility law in India. The new crèche facility law in India is therefore a welcome introduction that will now enable many women to confidently carry on with their career, knowing fully well that they are not compromising on the welfare of their child.

Till now the home based crèche has been the norm in India where the caretaker takes care of children at her home that are left behind by working parents. This lady may or may not have an ayah or nanny to help her. However, that system is not finding much favor due to many incidents of neglect of the children that have surfaced and parents are seeking a more formal arrangement with clear laws and responsibilities laid out for a government or private run childcare centre.

The Right To Education Act and the new Maternity Benefit Bill has not only made education free for children up to the age of 10 years but also laid down clear rules and regulations on the running of crèches. It has specified that any employer with more than 50 employees have to make arrangements for a daycare/crèche facility within the premises. This will enable many women to be near their child and also concentrate on their jobs.

For other crèches/daycare facilities where the children have to be based till their parents pick them up in the evening or if they have to stay within the crèche itself, the crèche facility law in India further lays down the following:

  • The crèche has to have sufficient space per child of a minimum of 8 sq feet.
  • It should be well lit, ventilated and hygienic.
  • The caretaker should have completed the crèche certification course.
  • The children will have a play area that is separate from the centre.
  • The children will have access to toys, learning material that will be updated as and when needed.
  • Children will have clean mattresses, pillows and bedsheets.
  • They will be medically examined regularly and proper records will be maintained by the caretaker for scrutiny at any time.
  • The crèche will have proper security at all times.
  • The administrator/caretaker must ensure regular maintenance of items like utensils, toys, mattresses, pillows, walkers and white goods.
  • Top class hygiene and first aid box have to be well stocked.

It is expected that with the above laws in place, women will be encouraged to continue working. Moreover, children too will feel more comfortable with the care and empathy at these day care centres. For more details on how to start a creche in india, contact us.


Disclaimer : Information may get out dated with time or is subject to change.

New Preschool and Play school Rules and guidelines in India 2017

New Preschool Guidelines In India

2017- New Procedure for starting a preschool in India 2017

There can be no doubt about the arbitrary nature and the manner in which preschools (children 3-6 years) are run in our country. Both at the Anganwadi and at the private levels, these schools leave a lot to be desired. The infrastructure sucks, the teacher to child ration is highly skewed and the curriculum followed smacks of a total lack of planning.

The results are there for all of us to see. The children studying in these schools hardly have any rights of their own; there is a lot of abuse that goes on which causes great mental and physical trauma to these tender and impressionable minds. Parents are often unaware of the happenings and even when they do get to know, can hardly do anything about it.

Keeping in view all of the above, the Government has now finally acted. In conjunction with the Ministry of Women and Child Development, it has come out with clear criteria about the manner in which such preschools can be run. These guidelines are expected to bring about uniformity so as to eliminate chances of any haziness with regard to the Early Childhood Education System or the ECE.

To start with, the Government has laid out the broad parameters by coming out with clear definitions on:

  • The overall role of institutions in delivering preschool education.
  • The monitoring of the school through the nodal officer
  • The mandate of running these schools only for the age group 3-6 years
  • The responsibilities of the guardian
  • The conditions to be satisfied by these schools before they start admitting children

The guidelines delve into the actual details of daily operations pertaining to preschools as below:

  • One teacher and one caregiver for every 20 children.
  • A clear boundary wall demarcating the school from other structures
  • Sanitized toilets with soap, running water with towels for easy access to both normal and disabled children
  • CCTV surveillance for the rest room as well as play area.
  • Pest control to be done on a regular basis
  • Sufficient fire protection measures
  • Learning aids for the teachers based on the curriculum for each class
  • The library should have books and relevant audio visual learning material
  • Sports equipment in adequate numbers
  • The first aid kit has to be easily accessible and should always be well stocked
  • Every child should be medically examined once a quarter by doctors registered with the medical council
  • School has to maintain records pertaining to the enrolment as well as attendance along with the fees paid. They should also maintain details of the medical examination of each child and all these have to be accessible for inspection.
  • No child will be subjected to any monthly, quarterly or annual examination
  • The play areas and other structures should only be used for the children aged 3-6 years
  • Annual accounts have to be audited every year
  • No capitation fee or donation shall be demanded from any parent

The government has also made it clear that if the above guidelines are not adhered to by the school, its certification can be withdrawn and the school would be derecognized.


This entry was posted on January 19, 2017, in 2017.

How to interview, hire and select preschool teachers in India

Working as a preschool teacher requires great skill and patience. It is not only the education and certifications that make excellent playschool teachers, but it is the love to be with the kids and the patience and care with which they need to be managed that matters a lot.   Based on the requirement of the curriculum, there are certain eligibility conditions, experience and in some cases additional certifications required to be a preschool teacher. Some education councils and institutes also provide induction and preschool teacher training in India. However, in addition to this, there are certain norms for interviewing the teachers and deciding their selection.   The following points can help you to frame preschool teacher interview questions and answers and can help you to arrive at a decision to hire the teacher:

  • Details and views about the education and preschool certification: This can help you know how the person perceives the training that shapes a teacher. You can also understand the interests of the person during the course of the education and apply them to the profession.


  • Reason to opt for a preschool teaching career: Other than convenience and love for kids, the teacher should be able to explain the concern, devotion and dedication on their part. The challenges in this education should also be understood by them.


  • Provide them examples of a couple of challenging situations and ask them how they would handle them.


  • The SWOT analysis for themselves and how it can be applied to their profession is an important aspect too.


  • The aspects of food, security, health and emergency are very crucial in preschools. You can discuss these in depth with the candidate and know about their knowledge and inputs about them.

Based on the points above, you can frame some more questions that can help you gain a perspective about the personality of the candidate so as to make a decision of recruitment.   We, as education consultant guide you to prepare early childhood teacher interview questions and answers.

Basic requirements for starting a preschool, daycare, play school, nursery school in India

 Developing a preschool involves a lot of hard work and planning. There are several tasks that need to be listed out and followed meticulously. This may start from searching for the perfect space and developing the infrastructure to finally recruiting the staff and marketing your business. You can develop a preschool to provide the best of the facilities to the toddlers and for this you can extend your budget to your will. Also the requirements differ based on cities. For example, requirements for starting a preschool in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Pune, and Bangalore differ slightly from minor cities. However, there are certain basic requirements that are minimal and need to get you going.

The following list describes the basic requirements for preschool:

  • You need a space of your own or at least a space that is leased out for a long duration. Irrespective of whether it is a franchise or your own business, a space is a primary requisite. You need to understand the expectation of the minimum area for a new preschool. The location for preschools / daycare / pre primary schools also matters.
  • A sound and quality infrastructure is important. This constitutes classrooms, play area, wash rooms, pantry and office. The space need not be very large but must be adequate and well ventilated. The interior can be simple but has to be convenient for the kids and of good quality. A colorful interior is recommended for preschools. Cleanliness, hygiene and safety are relevant and that goes without saying. The preschool market in India exhibits a lot of variation.
  • A complete and clear documentation is expected from every preschool. These could be sanction letters from the bank, approvals and licenses from the authorities or curriculum approvals from the education board. Every single paper should be approved and maintained for records.


  • The staff whether teaching or non teaching, needs to be experienced, trained and genuinely interested in spending time with the kids. Disinterested individuals can create problems and negative impact on the tiny minds.
  • If travel and snacks are school provided, the quality and punctual delivery is important for both the things. The food should be checked for quality and provided timely and in adequate amounts. Travel agency should be reliable in all aspects so as to avoid mishaps.
  • You need to update yourself with respect to your background. If you do not have academic experience, it is advisable to get some. Similarly, consulting experts from your domain periodically is also a wise decision.
  • The framework of fees versus the facilities must be transparent. A schedule for interaction with parents from time to time regarding academics and administration is important.


We are preschool consultants and guide you with steps to start preschools in India. You can get in touch with us to understand the rules to open a day care centre or a kindergarten in your city.

Procedure to Start a new Preschool – Legal requirements, licenses and procedures, NOC etc

You can start a preschool in India in three different ways. If you have a spacious house with a play area, you can start a preschool from the comfort of your house. Alternatively, you can lease or purchase space and start a preschool or you can buy a franchise from a well known preschool brand. A better idea is to start your own preschool. To own a preschool, you need to know the procedure and permissions to start preschool, playschool, daycare or nursery in India.

The basic procedure to start up with licenses and procedure for preschools in India can be described as follows:

  • Research is the first step in the procedure to start a play school. This includes the research of your locality and the preschools existing in it. The types of curriculum and their information can help you finalize your curriculum. Similarly, the knowledge for licenses for opening playschool, daycare, nursery school, primary school is a must. You can also visit the municipal offices and education sectors.
  • Prepare a list of the eligibility of people and other assets required for the preschool. Start with your credentials and those of the staff members. Create checklists for various tasks, infrastructure items and so on. Also find out information about vendors and suppliers related to school equipments.
  • Work on the budget and finances for your school project and make arrangements for the same. Accordingly prepare a business plan and allocate the finances for each category. Curriculum constitutes an important part of the plan and this can help you go ahead with the approvals. Curriculum also relates to the infrastructure and you can work on these factors too to submit your approval plan.
  • Licenses and approvals are a major part. This involves the municipal corporation, education board or council, local education and health departments and legal requirements for setting up our own preschool.
  • Developing the infrastructure, interiors for classrooms, office and other areas including the furniture, set ups and safety items is the most important task. Also plan the insurance of the preschool as per the assets.
  • Recruitment of trained and experienced staff members is a priority too. Teaching and non teaching staff is a part of this
  • Marketing and advertising of your school is extremely important. You can hire professional help for this or plan it on your own.


We are consultants for preschool set up, cost, investments, application process etc. We guide you to requirements to start a preschool in India.

preschool business planning to get started

If you are planning to start a preschool or a playschool, a systematic business plan will make your work easy. A business plan is a professional document that helps you define the mission and vision of your preschool. It contains the objectives, methodologies of your business, information about your stakeholders, your goals, and financial plans and so on.

Thus a business plan is a concise document that explains the framework of your business and gets you started with preschool business planning. A business plan is essential for various approvals and it also works as a reference document for you.

To get started on a business plan for your preschool, you can create a template with required headings and then gradually update the content. To prepare a business plan, you need to understand the play school requirements in India. The essentials of a playschool / preschool business plan can be listed as follows:


  • Executive Summary: This constitutes a concise explanation of your business with the aims.
  • Introduction: You can list down various aspects starting with a detail introduction of your preschool. The other information that can be a part of the introduction is history, aims and objectives, mission and vision of the institute.
  • Delivery and Management: This chapter should include the methodology of your business. The curriculum and its relevance can be explained. The schedule, extracurricular activities and other details can be explained.
  • Management includes the administration policies, staff recruitment details, training program schedule for the staff and so on.
  • Finance: This is the most important part of the business plan. It should involve the information of assets like space, infrastructure, proposed lists of interior items and equipments. The balance sheets explaining the capital investment with the breakup can be included. If you have opted for loan, the relevant details can go into this section.
  • Annexure: You can have multiple annexure for the respective sections. Here you can attach the supporting documents and data that are required for any of the above section.


We are preschool business consultants and help you develop a systematic preschool business plan in India. If you have daycare, playgroup or nursery school business plans in India, we help you with all the necessary details.

Cost of preschool set up and break even

Working on a budget is one of the most essential tasks when you are setting up a preschool. A preschool setup cost can cost anywhere between Rs 2-20 lac depending on factors like the extent of the school, purchasing or hiring the property, starting your own school or opting for a franchise opportunity, the type of infrastructure and other facilities and so on. The higher you aim, more will be the budget. If you own a property and plan preschool setup ideas on a small scale, the budget will be less.

You can work on the expenses by classifying them under various heads and then working on the estimations. This gives you an idea of the minimum and maximum range of the budget for each type. Broadly, you can overview the break even analysis for preschool

in the following categories:


  • Property and infrastructure: This involves purchasing or leasing the site and the cost depends on the city and locality. Infrastructure also involves equipments, stationery, and furniture, interiors of classrooms, toilets, office, library, and play area and so on. Thus, this expense head involves a major chunk.
  • Documentation expenses: This involves two types. The first is the paper work required to get approvals and clearances from various authorities. Creating documents and processing them requires money. The second type of documentation is the one required for staff, office and kids. This involves training material, office records, files, computers, lessons, schedules, and others.
  • Salaries and marketing: You need to consider a part of finance to pay the teaching and non-teaching staff. If there are other deals with vendors and caterers, you need to arrange for their payments too. The advertising, marketing and designing teams need to be paid too.


Other than these mandatory expenses, there might be additional overheads if you take professional help from consultancies or consult experts from education field for various issues. These costs can help you in the long run and prove to be beneficial even of they do not give you immediate returns.


We offer various advice on preschool franchise opportunities,  licenses to start, how to start preschool step by step, opening Nursery, kindergarten,  Montessori,mother toddler centers. Jr K.G junior kindergarden, Sr K.G. Senior kindergarten, day care creche centres ,  after school programmes,  international preschool franchise opportunity in your city, etc


Major States where we offer our play school preschool consultancy services in India  include :

Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu & Kashmir
Madhya Pradesh
Odisha (Orissa)
Puducherry (Pondicherry)
Tamil Nadu
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal


Cities in India which are ideal for starting a preschool and for preschool franchise opportunities  include :

Araku valley
Bodh Gaya
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Maravanthe Beach
Mount Abu